Bar Woodworking Plans | Woodworking Tips

Adept woodworker Ted McGrath made the Ted’s Woodworking Package as a valuable resource which would present woodworkers with some very remarkable thoughts and projects.

The package has various qualities that make it the”#1 woodworking Resource” and a few of those attributes along with a couple petty pitfalls will be assessed in this review.

woodworking workshop

What Kind of Projects Does Ted’s woodworking Package Contain?

Ted McGrath, the mastermind who created this innovative package, she’s also an educator and a part of AWI as well. Ted’s woodworking Package contains a diverse selection of 16,000 simple ideas and projects, including:

  • Arbor Plans
  • Barn Plans
  • Cabinet Plans
  • Dog House Plans
  • Garage Strategies
  • Swing Plans
  • Windmill Plans
  • Many more

woodworking ideas

Woodworkers will find it really easy to begin woodworking whenever they’re following because all the ideas and jobs Ted’s resource are simple to comprehend and simple. Ted McGrath spent two years researching so that he could gather enough material for an extensive package, and he ended up creating a really’complete’ woodworking source.

Many may still appear unsure whether they should be purchasing Ted’s woodworking Package, despite all the positive traits. The myriad of resources available online make it more challenging to make the right choice. There are in fact lots of things that set Ted’s woodworking Package besides other people.

Ted’s woodworking Project �” Pros and Cons

The Pros

Ideas Acceptable for Woodworkers of All Levels

Woodworkers of all degrees will get to benefit out of Ted’s woodworking Package. Those that are only getting started will discover the ideas and jobs in Ted’s bundle quite simple. No doubt, complicated carpentry is involved; nonetheless, they will discover that it’s really easy to follow Ted’s simple step by step instructions. Presently, both novice and experienced ones are utilizing Ted’s woodworking Package. The great thing about the thoughts and projects mentioned in Ted’s resource is that they may be completed in an extremely short time.

woodworking projects that sell

Useful Bonuses

Ted McGrath also has three very useful bonuses into the woodworkers who buy his bundle, namely:

  • Free CAD plan and drawing viewer
  • The Complete woodworking Carpentry Guide
  • 150 premium woodworking videos

Complete woodworking Carpentry Guide is a two hundred page source that will help beginners learn a whole lot about woodworking. They’ll also be able to advance their carpentry and woodworking abilities through the 150 videos.

Excellently Organized

It is fairly surprising that the content’s in Ted’s woodworking Package are so excellently organized even though it contains around 16,000 easy woodworking ideas and woodworking projects. Woodworkers will be able to locate any project of their choice within this package quite easily, even though there so many options.

60-Day Iron Clad Money-back Guarantee

Overall, this product is and people who buy it’ll be endorsed by a 60-day guarantee, so if this woodworking package fails to meet them, they can always get their money back.

The Cons

Takes Time to Download

Ted’s woodworking Package can take a marginally long period to down because of its large dimensions. Nonetheless, using a high-speed online connection it should download in a few minutes.

Slightly Overwhelming

Since there are so many ideas, projects and plans in Ted’s woodworking Resource, so some found it somewhat overpowering and overwhelming. Nevertheless, they didn’t mind being overwhelmed considering the fact that this package is indeed impressively organized.

The Bottom Line

woodworking beginner

The most important thing is that Ted’s woodworking package is so thorough and vast that it contains pretty much every woodworking project a woodworker may be considering building.

This woodworking bundle made by Ted McGrath is truly unmatchable and can’t be compared to all those other woodworking packages that are available across the internet. Ted has done his very best to guide them in every possible way he can, through easy to comprehend textual directions, clear images and even videos as well.

Therefore, woodworkers who buy Ted’s Woodworking Resource won’t be disappointed with the woodworking ideas and woodworking projects they will find within. Therefore, it is definitely worth buying!

This is my Beginners List of Woodworking Safety Equipment:

Safety glasses, clear safety goggles, dust masks, face guard, hearing protectors, Nitrile disposable gloves|}
We can go on and on with list more woodworking hand tools and more woodworking power tools , but the idea is to purchase the essential hand and power tools which beginners will need. You may always add to your toolbox as you gain experience!

Bar Woodworking Plans Advice for Beginner Woodworking Craftsmen:

You now have a fantastic new hobby in woodworking, so you’ve purchased your woodworking project plan and you are really excited to begin using your new woodworking tools, but how? Your woodworking project plan should provide you step by step directions and methods to complete your project. But if you are unsure about what to do there is help available! There are several areas that beginning woodworkers can find out about the woodworking craft. First, subscribe to a few of those many woodworking magazines out there. Every month the writers in woodworking magazines do a story on the best way best to improve your woodworking craft. When it’s showing you the way to apply a finish to a finished project, or how to make a mortise and tenon joint, something new could be learned each month. Next, is purchasing educational DVD such as those made by Fine Woodworking Magazine. Instructional Woodworking DVD’s cover subjects such as: mastering your table saw, how to use a router, how to turn wood projects, turning wooden bowls, and timber finishing basics. As you can see, there are lots of educational resources available for the beginning woodworker to find out the woodworking craft.

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Finding Woodworking Projects and Plans for Beginners Bar Woodworking Plans

If you’re a beginner and very interested in doing a DIY job for house then, woodworking can be fun. If you do not have the proper information, instruction, and skill, you might land up spending more time and money than you initially intended to spend. As a novice woodworker, you want to have time and the correct tools. Having said, there are a few essential aspects you need to keep in mind, before beginning with any woodworking project.

1. If you’re a beginner, you must first need to be somewhat interested in woodworking. Creating something new with your hands is a particular sense. Do not start a project if you’re not interested, as this may land you in a bad place.

2. Consider the main reason for making this woodworking project. Choose the uses of this item you’re making.

3. Consider your skills and examine the time you have, until you begin with a job.

4. Start jobs which you’re able to complete. If you’re in the middle of a work, then it’s wise not to start any project at all.

The Benefits of Woodworking Bar Woodworking Plans

If you maintain those vital things in mind before beginning a woodworking project, it will become very simple for you to reach success. Woodwork requires preparation as much as it requires effort. So how can you begin?

Getting Started With Woodworking Projects and Strategies for Beginners

Before starting anything, it’s essential to opt for the woodworking projects you wish to start with. As a newcomer, always pick a job which has a very basic build up or a very simple construction. Some simple to start projects include, bird feeder, benches, shelves, etc.. The moment you find these techniques, you could always proceed to the next level of woodworking jobs, such as cupboards, sheds, and others. Beginning jobs should keyword be complicated and less bothersome so you have a better knowledge of working with forests and their resources. Once the project is selected, start selecting your tools.

Beginners Woodworking Tools, Bar Woodworking Plans

Tools are the ways whereby you will win the battle of woodworking. Many men and women think that power tools are requires. However, for novices, basic hand tools can be quite handy and more than helpful in completing a job. If woodworking is your hobby, then some tools that you would require would be:

1. Workbench – A workbench is needed for exact cuts and measurements. The workbench, when fixed with vises, provide ample space to work. As a primary tool, workbench must be part of your newcomer’s woodworking tools.

2. Hammer – Hammer is an essential tool to get woodworks. It can help you to drive pins, nails, staples, etc.. A small and lightweight hammer can make things much simple for you. When you buy a hammer, always assess the balance between the weight and endure. Always pick a sturdy, yet lightweight product.

3. Saw – A saw is just another tool which you cannot live without while woodworking. |} This tool can help you to cut forests at different sizes. There are different types of saws out there on the marketplace. Choose a size which you can deal with.

4. Screwdriver – Screwdrivers can be found in various shapes and sizes. Mostly there are Canadian kinds and standard flat type. Possessing all of them can help you ahead of time woodworking. You can even purchase keyword power screwdrivers since they make the job much faster.

5. Measuring tape – It is another very important tool which you cannot work without. The measuring tape gives you the capacity to quantify wood until they can be attached together.

6. Wrench – Some woodworking projects require fixing repairs and bolts. For such projects, you require a wrench. However, this isn’t a tool for novices, but using it might make work simpler for you at a subsequent stage.

7. Drill – Drill helps you create holes in wood. Power drills are more helpful but they cost more. Low wattage power drills can make the job much simple.

8. Additional small and basic tools – These include pens, gum, basic gum, amount, erase, first aid kit and shop vac.

Costing and Budget for the Job

There’s not any fixed price on woodworking jobs. Dependent on the type of job that you would like to finish, pricing could be set. The simple the project, the less cost it involves. But at the very beginning purchasing the tools will be somewhat hefty. Because of this, it is much better to fix a budget on the resources, then keyword on the project. Purchasing the fundamental tools will ensure that you do not have to purchase any more material other than the wood ply.

Time and Directions

Directions are one of the primary things which every newcomer should follow. Instructions manual is quite simple to comprehend the process, what to do and how to get it done. Time also plays an important part in the building of woodworking jobs. Woodworking projects require time and therefore it’s crucial for a beginner to have ample quantity of time weekly.

Tips and Tricks for Beginners

There aren’t any quick tips or tricks that will make the work easy. But the most essential thing keyword which will help you to achieve success is proper planning. With proper planning and a plan, it’s possible to achieve success immediately. If you understand the purpose of woodworking, the thing you need to construct, the resources you require in order to possess and the average time it’s possible to give every day; then you’re all set to go.

Conclusion, Bar Woodworking Plans

These strategies and instruction is likely to create the woodworking projects and strategies for novices quickly to finish. Always make sure that you have all the essential tools, materials, space ready. Keep the instructions for building an item handy. Proper strategy and preparation will allow you to make a fantastic woodworking project for your home.

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The Benefits of Woodworking Bar Woodworking Plans

People if you’re looking for a way to pass time or want an alternate way to generate money they usually turn to a hobby they enjoy. It’s very exciting to do and anyone can begin.

When doing woodworking at home there are lots of projects one can consider. When starting out you need to be very cautious when choosing which job to start out with because you will find jobs that can be too tough for a newbie. But do not be concerned about that because we will give you guidelines on the right means to start woodworking as a beginner.

The same as any other hobby woodworking requires some working gear, so before you choose your job you need to be aware of whether you have the available tools to work on such a job. Try not to spend a good deal of cash on buying gear when starting out, purchase more gear as you get more experience and become an expert carpenter. Should you enjoy your hobby then there will not be any difference between the hand and the normal hands.

Starting Your First Woodworking Shop Bar Woodworking Plans

To keep yourself updated you must disseminate with various brands tools and woods. Woodworking at home will provide you time to research different jobs and find out so many things. That’s why it’s very important to invest less money when starting out so that you can afford to make mistakes and at some time learning about different projects.
It’s extremely important you know more about the different kinds of wood available for creating jobs. Expect carpenters use several kinds of wood quality for decorating bits, learning what kind of wood they use will help you prepare the wood you will need for certain projects you might want to pursue.
As soon as you know the basics of wood choice and the use of different tools you can now employ them in cutting well wood pieces and placing wood together. Knowing what to do will assist you in creating good jobs to satisfy your wants.

Bar Woodworking Plans practice makes perfect so be sure you practice your work every day if at all possible. Try out a lot of layouts using a variety of tools so you can get the hang of using the tools. When starting out you can earn a range of errors but with time you will find out how to correctly utilize them and produce quality projects.

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Finding Woodworking Projects and Plans for Beginners Bar Woodworking Plans

Woodworking as a hobby can be one of the most rewarding experiences you’ll ever appreciate. You can get started on a shoestring with a minimum number of gear and equipment. A little home workshop can produce a broad variety of simple projects which will allow you to develop your creative and building abilities while rewarding you with artistic and practical wood products that you can enjoy and even give away to friends and family.

WHERE TO DO YOUR WOODWORKING

Before we get into the gear you should start with, let’s talk about where you’ll do your woodworking, Depending on the size of your home, you may have the ability to produce a dedicated space into your woodworking tasks. This might be a reserved spot in your garage or in your cellar. In some cases, a detached shed or outbuilding may be perfect to set up your very first store. A heated shop detached from your house provides one distinct advantage: better pest management. Without sophisticated dust control methods, basement workshops will inevitably create dust that travels to the living area of your home. This is particularly true in homes with forced air heating systems where cold air yields located in the cellar draw up dust into the upper levels of the house. Another advantage of detached workshops is, clearly, the noise level. You can work without disturbing the remainder of the family. A fantastic compromise might be the garage of your property.

This can help decrease the difficulties of dust and sound, however depending on where you live, a keyword garage workshop may not be sensible during extremes of hot or cold weather.

Woodwork Crafts – The Beginners Guide To Woodworking Bar Woodworking Plans

YOUR WOODWORKING SETUP

Space is always a challenge for the woodworker. Regardless of where you are in your evolution, everybody from beginner to expert all wishes that they add more space to function in. Bar Woodworking Plans if you’re able to have a dedicated place for a workshop all the better. Floor tools and bench top equipment can stay in position from project to project. If this setup isn’t impossible, at least try to create a bench area where equipment can be stored and pulled out as necessary. If possible plan for inevitable growth as you get more tools and equipment. At the beginning, set up a seat area where you are able to shop and use most of your gear, with a temporary expansion of your actions onto the basement or garage floor.

A basic workbench can be constructed from inexpensive laminated timber ideally at least 48 to 54 inches wide and 32 inches deep. |} The seat needs to be around waist height. This will enable you to work comfortably while standing. Add a sturdy shelf beneath the bench to home your hands power tools and a pegboard above the bench to hang additional gear. Install a woodworking vice at one end of the seat on front to hold tiny workpieces.

ACQUIRING YOUR EQUIPMENT, Bar Woodworking Plans

The reach of your startup equipment will be largely based on your budget. Whether you have got big financial resources or you’re starting on a shoestring consistently buy quality equipment. If you can afford it, buy your quality tools at your local building and hardware centre. If your budget is tight purchase quality used tools from the others through Kijiji or other regional advertisements. There are an abundance of quality lightly used programs out there that belong to individuals who embarked on that 1 molding job around the house or obtained tools as gifts which they won’t ever use. You can usually buy tools for all these sellers for less than half the initial price and save even more money if you create a bundle deal for all their unused equipment. Of course, getting tools from private people will take additional time and possibly travel expenses. Weigh out the advantages of traveling across town to save a couple extra bucks on a cheap piece of equipment. The extra expense of time and travel in these situations is usually justified when purchasing large ticket items such as table saws, bandsaws or large finished tools such as surface planers later on.
For smaller acquisitions, a visit to your construction center could possibly be the ideal approach.

START-UP EQUIPMENT

In earlier times proficient workers worked using a minimal amount of hand equipment yet generated sophisticated and intricate pieces. Focus on developing your skills with your startup set of resources and avoid lamenting about the equipment you wished you’d.
Here is a checklist of the useful tools You Will Need to get started:
Safety Gear: Start as anticipated with eye protection. Get a decent pair of safety glasses which also offer some side protection for your eyes. Buy a quality oil set that will be scratch resistant. Progressive scratching of cheaper plastic pairs will eventually hamper your vision and influence security. Avoid wearing gloves in a workshop. Most impair eyesight and dust up fast. You can avoid wearing them all together if you find them uncomfortable.

The next piece of crucial safety equipment you’ll need entails ear protection. Ear protection is often overlooked by the novice woodworker however is almost as critical as eye protection. Woodworking can be long-term and noisy exposure to these noise levels may affect hearing and result in tinnitus and other hearing losses. Also, I find that wearing hearing protection combats exhaustion.

Most workers tire faster when exposed to elevated sound levels. Select effective hearing protection which you find comfortable and effective. Last, wear a cap to keep the dust from your hair. I prefer a simple ball cap along with my ear muffs and eye protection. With this setup I am protecting my eyes and my ears. I am keeping the dust out of my hair. I am all set!

Power Hand Saw: Often referred to as a skill saw after the popular name, this may prove to be the most versatile tool in a start-up workshop. In fact, in the hands of an expert, a power hand saw can be employed to construct an entire property. At some point, you are going to want to purchase a table saw, but for now, a power hand saw for the woodworker on a budget empowers him to do cross cuts, tear cuts and even elaborate angle cuts. As mentioned before get an excellent brand saw. Stay away from cheap unknown brands. These tend to cut back and will burn out before you even start your second project. After choosing the proper saw install an excellent blade. Most saws come with a starter blade of lesser quality even if they’re a good saw. Keep this blade as a copy and install a quality blade with carbide teeth. Begin with a hybrid . All these have a balanced tooth count that works well with both crosscuts and ripping.

Power Jig Saw: A jigsaw will include great versatility to your woodworking. |} Curved cutting is where the jigsaw excels. This flexible tool cannot only cut corners. It is ideal for cutting holes in timber too like handle slots. Eventually, you’re going to want to obtain a ring saw. Bandsaws are even more flexible but a excellent floor unit can be expensive. A jigsaw may be a fantastic stop gap for the novice woodworker.

Buy an assortment of blades to your jigsaw that includes various lengths and teeth per inch.

Battery Powered Drill: buy a quality drill which runs at least 12 volts, nevertheless, 18 volts is better. |} Get one with a keyless chuck and if it is in your budget contemplate a 1/2 inch chuck over the standard 3/8 inch model. Down the road, the 1/2 inch version will prove to be versatile. Through hard lessons learned, I have found that purchasing quality, in this scenario, is much more critical than ever. Cheaper drills have a tendency to get very short run times and have to be recharged frequently. Their long-term battery life tends to be poor and to make things worse keyless chucks come loose and slip frequently. This is one annoyance you don’t want in your workshop. Buy an assortment of quality carbide tipped drill bits that are stored in a holder labeling each drill bit size. Make a habit of returning each drill bit to its prospective slot at the holder after every use. Last, get a set of hard steel driver bits. Your drill may also be a versatile screwdriver, especially if you picked an 18-volt model.

Hammer: The hammer remains as the most flexible tool in the shop, and often the most misunderstood one. |} Incidentally, the hammer is the 1 tool where most workshop injuries happen. Even though the most ordinary, hammer accidents are usually of a minor character, varying from bruised palms into the temporary reduction of a fingernail. Hammers greatly vary in price and quality. So what is the difference between a inexpensive hammer and a costly hammer? Quality hammers are just machined with a fantastic solid joint between the handle and mind. The good hammer is balanced, doesn’t rust and features a comfortable grip. Most hammers in the high tech range provide ceramic or metal handles. Cheaper hammers generally have wood handles with poor joints between the handle and head. The head typically comes loose and the instrument becomes useless. Pick a name brand quality hammer in the 16-ounce range for overall work and also a smaller finishing hammer for more intricate work. Avoid using large framing hammers at the workshop and any with dimpled head tips. These kinds of hammers are more suited to rough framing jobs and therefore are unsuitable in the workshop.

Palm Sander: Purchase a 1/4 sheet . This little power tool can manage pretty much any trimming requirements that you’ve got as a beginner woodworker. As your woodworking abilities evolve, you’ll likely upgrade to a floor model disc and belt sander. However, for the time being, the ever-versatile palm sander may clean up edges, cross cuts and perhaps even limited amounts of surface area. As you embark on your first few projects you might find that your palm sander with a bit of effort can change rough looking inventions into virtual works of art! You can use your palm sander to sand and form rough planks using 100 grit paper and after finish your job with 200 or 300 grit paper. Buy an range of sandpaper sheets with an extra source of 100 grit paper. You’ll find that this caliber of paper that the most versatile on your shop.

Hand Planes and Chisels: These classic tools are a must in each workshop. |} Though low tech in theory, these tools allow you to taper borders, sew high stains and correct any imperfections in wood pieces. {Begin with a standard number 4 airplane and an assortment of quality chisels varying in diameter from 1/4 inch to 1 inch.

Clamps: Sooner or later you’ll need clamps for glue-ups and just to hold down your wood pieces as you work on them. Unfortunately, superior clamps are costly and it normally requires the novice woodworker a couple of years to collect a comprehensive set of wood clamps. Begin with a pair of extended”pipe” clamps. Today the pipe was replaced with long steel shafts, but the structure is still the same. Receive a pair of the longest clamps which you could afford. You may get in touch with them for smaller glue jobs and expand them to their full length for larger projects.

Shop Vice: A shop vice installed in the end of your seat is ideal for holding smaller tasks for trimming, filing, and gap cutting with your jigsaw. Buy a woodworking vice with stainless steel clamping surfaces and avoid metal working vices with steel jaws. Woodworking vices using their timber clamping surfaces can securely hold wood bits without marring or damaging them. Many of the better vices offer you rapid release mechanisms that enabled the user to rapidly open and close the limbs without dull handle turning. The timber beamed surfaces on your vice will periodically need replacement. I prefer to use soft walnut in my vices which will not crush or damage lots of the different woods that I work with. Whether I’m working in soft pine or hard walnut, softwood clamping surfaces work the best.

Tape Measure and Marking Device: In your workshop, the ever-humble tape step is going to be one of your most often used tools. Buy a good quality name brand tape measure with a wide tape usually in the 25-foot selection. Although in your store you may not be using the tape in these lengths, the bigger tape steps offer more rigid tapes that won’t flop around and slide off the end of planks. Measuring when you are by yourself will be a lot easier, and of course, quality tape steps can last for several years.

When marking jobs, I favor a sharp great old-fashioned HB pencil. An HB pen will generate a nice mark without scratching the wood.

What is Woodworking? How to Become a Master Woodworker From Your Own Home Bar Woodworking Plans

Woodworking is known as the construction or the creation of objects out of wood. You can produce a lot of unique objects from woodworking and these objects can be as large as gazebos or as small as wooden toys. No matter how large or small your private project maybe you will be very likely to accomplish that goal with woodworking. In addition, woodworking has lots of private in addition to emotional benefits! In the following guide, I will briefly identify some of the benefits for you.

Woodworking as a Career:

A lot of people who like to use their hands have turned that love into a career through woodworking. Individuals who build things out of wood are usually known keyword because carpenters. Carpenters can work on a number of woodworking projects and job types. For instance, a few carpenters possess their carpentry business and these individuals have the luxury to set their work hours. This advantage allows carpenters the opportunity to spend more time with their own families and also have less job strain. Raising kids is a really difficult task regardless of what way you approach the endeavor! For a carpenter who possesses their own company, this job may not be as hard since that person is going to have more time to be part of his or her child’s life. By playing a bigger role in the life span of your child you will be having a greater influence on the sort of personality that child develops into, which is a huge concern for any loving parent. In addition to such benefits, carpentry may also have health benefits too.

Starting Your First Woodworking Shop Bar Woodworking Plans

Physical Health Benefits of Woodworking:

Woodworking necessitates working with and carrying wood round a lot. This results in more physical activity, which leads to better physical health. Maintaining your body physically fit is vital and keyword can assist in preventing the occurrence of various illnesses in the foreseeable future life. By being physically fit you can decrease chances that you will have a heart attack, have seizures, turned into a diabetic, and lower the odds of giving birth to a number of different disorders.

Bar Woodworking Plans, Do It Yourself Woodworking Saves Money:

I always feel as I paid way too far when I visit home improvement shops and purchase patio furniture, and I am sure that I’m not the only person that has felt like this! A successful business owner once told me to constantly raise the sales price of a product to double what you’ve got it for. In this manner, you can always reduce the product to 50 percent away and come out without getting any losses. This seems like it may be exactly the same tactic that home improvement shops use in selling their own wooden furniture products. Regardless, there’s a way that you can get around paying the additional money and that has to do with building it yourself. Luckily, there are some really good woodworking products offering thousands of detailed woodworking keyword strategies for countless different job types. So, you can really build whatever you need or see in any home improvement store. Doing something yourself does require a bit of time but time is well spent when you wind up saving hundreds of dollars as a result of your hard work.

  • Industry 4.0: The Connected Factory - Part 4, Technology

    This May the woodworking world will be meeting, once again, at LIGNA  in Germany. The best and the newest in machinery will be showcased. As in the previous shows in Atlanta and Hanover Germany, Industry 4.0 will be a major theme. The subject of Industry 4.0, the Connected Factory, or the Smart Factory is the focus of new development within the manufacturing industry worldwide. The woodworking and furniture industry are also transforming - because they must.
    We see how the internet is transforming our life, at home and at work. It changes the way we conduct business. It is inevitable that our industry will transition. The only question is if the change is an evolution, and somewhat controlled, or will it be a revolution and disruptive? How much of a game changer will it be? The Internet of Services (IoS) and the Internet of Things (IoT) will not go around our industry - it will go right through it! Industry 4.0 or The Connected Factory will transform the woodworking and furniture industry in the same way it will change all other manufacturing sectors. Internet-based sales are growing extremely fast. Key players in the industry are taking delivery times down from weeks to days. 
    The supply chain/logistics companies are working on concepts to deliver furniture at the same speed as phones, clothes, and other consumer goods.  
    The Smart Factory is not just for big companies. There are good examples where relatively small companies have successfully adopted the technology. In most of these cases there is a tech-savvy owner/operator to push the envelope. Companies, big or small, need to start addressing their own Industry 4.0 future. 
    Industry 4.0 touches all aspects of the business. To prepare for The Connected Factory, we need to look at all facets of the company. At Lignum Consulting, we have identified 7 key areas that all need to be addressed in order to get your company prepared. All these areas are interconnected and need to be aligned:
    • Strategy
    • Product
    • Technology
    • Logistics
    • Data integration
    • Organization
    • Human Resources
    By analyzing these seven subjects, you create a snapshot of where the company is now. Gaps will show, and future capital investments and major organizational and internal projects can be evaluated on the impact they make on the score card. In the previous articles we focused on “Strategy” and “Product”.  This article will do a deep-dive into “Technology”. 
     
    Process Engineering – Defining the right automated technology and equipment for the business. Analyzing the current manufacturing processes and understanding the leading-edge technology used in our and similar industries is a critical element in the Technology category. The equipment and software need to be aligned with the size, product mix and manufacturing model of the company. 
    The manufacturing processes also need to be in line with the product and volume requirements. For example, in cabinet manufacturing, is nesting or cut and drill the best process? Does the company’s situation justify feed-through equipment or is stationary equipment sufficiently effective and productive? Are smart production cells or integrated production lines the right approach? In edgebanding, which gluing system (i.e. PUR vs. EVA) is most suitable for the current and near future of the company? Process engineering and equipment specifications need to support the manufacturing model (we will write more about this in a later segment).  With the escalation of the Connected Factory, Process Engineering becomes increasingly important and more complex. 
     
    Automation / Technology
    When talking about technology we refer to machines, tooling, IT, and process engineering. One of the most important questions, when addressing technology within the context of Industry 4.0 is, “Are the installed technology and infrastructure able to network and in alignment with the networking requirements of the fulfillment model?” 
    Before Industry 4.0, technology needed to be flexible, cost-effective, and fast. Machines were island solutions. Machines were linked to form machine groups, but essentially, they were still island solutions. Now, with the next step forward, machines need to be “all of the above” and must be able to communicate with other machines and business software and run autonomously with very little intervention by operators.  Only this way can companies respond to the increasing shortage of qualified labor and meet their strategic growth targets.
     
    You do not have to invest in the highest degree of integrated and automated equipment all the time. The technology applied needs to match the business requirements. Economic rules still apply in the world of Industry 4.0. As you push automation, it must remain economically viable. Your investment strategy however must have a strong focus on the networking ability of the equipment. The more leading-edge technology you apply, the more you might have to accept a longer payback period. Therefore, it is also very important to have a strategy in place to grow into automation.
     
    One of the many challenges for the industry is the lack of universal standards and communication protocols between the different machine suppliers. Not every machine can communicate with other machines or software. The compatibility and ability to integrate must be key in the selection process. 
     
    In your overall investment strategy, you create the ideal scenario. Incremental investments will have to fit this future plan, even if you do not have the means to interconnect them currently. But successfully implementing highly automated and integrated equipment is more than purchasing a piece of equipment. The company’s support structure must be ramped up as well in order to fully utilize the potential of the equipment. 
     
    Engineering support
    The engineering staff needs to be trained in automated processes and equipment. More and more, engineering will be driving the efficiencies of the processes and the installed equipment. They need to understand not only the equipment, but also the other inputs that make the automation successful.
     
    Maintenance
    With an increased level of technology, the reliance level of the equipment needs to increase as well. We can not rely on Corrective Maintenance - a system where “we repair it when it breaks down."  Even a system of Preventative Maintenance needs to be upgraded to Predictive Maintenance. Defined processes need to be in place to minimize and/or prevent unplanned equipment stoppages and breakdowns.
    Many tools are available and need to be used and developed within the company. Some of the tools are:
    • Vibration analysis 
    • Acoustical analysis (sonic and/or ultrasonic level)
    • Sonic monitoring
    • Infrared monitoring and analysis
    • Oil analysis  
     Industry 4.0 supports maintenance efforts with vision systems whereby maintenance operators can communicate with technical support staff from the machine suppliers (seeing the same thing). 
    In the future, machines will recognize the need for a component exchange, order the machine component, and indicate the need for the replacement autonomously.
     
    Tool Management
    Leading edge technology also includes leading edge tooling. Industry 4.0 will also have a major impact on tools. Tracking tools and their usage easily provides data to optimise their use and provides feedback for improvements. The collected data will be used to enhance the specification, sharpening cycles, operating data – the entire life cycle of tools is being digitized. 
    With the amount of data provided by sensors in the machine, tool suppliers can be integrated in the management of tools. There are already some developments, where instead of selling tools to the manufacturer, tool suppliers will provide tools on a charge-per-use basis. 
    Infrastructure
    Dust collection, compressed air, heating/cooling, IT network, and building management are all part of the company’s infrastructure. 
    Dust Collection
    Dust collection is connected to all the machines electronically that produce dust and chips. The data from the machines (i.e. on/off, chip producing = tools engaged) is communicated to the dust collector, which then regulates the appropriate exhaust volume (CFM) by controlling the RPM of the exhaust motors. The disposal system is connected via text or email to inform the truck driver of a full disposal bin. Big data is collected for analysis to further reduce the energy consumption of the system and optimize the maintenance. 
    Compressed Air
    The cost of compressed air is traditionally ignored. Compressors are running full-time, and airlines are leaking. Energy reviews on compressed air systems show that the energy consumption cost, as part of the total cost of compressed air over the lifetime of a compressor (i.e. 10 years) is a multiple of the initial investment cost. Sensors and gauges can again provide data for analysis and control of the equipment. The additional information provided by this Industry 4.0 technology will lead to better equipment utilization and operating cost reduction.
    Heating/Cooling and Lighting 
    The best comparison here is the advances we see in our homes. We can control temperature and lights with our smartphones. If it is beneficial in relatively small residential homes, consider how much more will this improve the operation costs in industrial buildings.
     
    The factory of the future is fully networked. Equipment, sensors and workers need to have access to, and share, information.
     
    Where Do You Start?
    It is rather clear that Industry 4.0 cannot be purchased with deep pockets and a few purchase orders alone. There is also no one-size-fits-all roadmap for woodworking companies. The reality is that the details are important, and details can be defined only if you have a team that understands the subject.
    Reading up on the subject and visiting tradeshows are excellent starting points. One fact becomes clear, the Smart Factory of the future requires cooperation of team members within manufacturing, operations, product engineering and IT competencies. 
     
    We will continue to write about Industry 4.0 and the seven key areas of Industry 4.0. The next article will focus on Logistics in the Connected Factory. We welcome and encourage your feedback, and you can reach us at [email protected]
    Georg Frey
    Sepp Gmeiner

    About the authors

    Georg Frey is the president of Lignum Consulting. Sepp Gmeiner is a partner at Lignum Consulting.  They can be reached at [email protected].

     

  • Recession coming? Find out from EBC keynote Alan Beaulieu

    San Jose -- Alan Beaulieu, president and a principal of ITR Economics, will discuss the economic outlook for 2019 in a webinar on Tuesday, January 29 at 3 p.m. Eastern.  His presentation, "Shifting Gears and Looking Ahead," will discuss how the U.S. and global economies are not what they were last year and what to expect in 2019.  The changes that he will discuss include:

    • Policy pressures/benefits on business
    • Consumer behavior
    • Business spending
    • Labor market
    • Commodity prices
    • Interest Rates
    • Impact on our markets

    Attendees will be prepared for the rest of 2019 and will have the confidence to effect tactical changes that will enhance profitability through 2020.  Since 1990, Beaulieu has consulted across North America, Europe, and Asia, optimizing companies’ forecasts and planning to increase profits through his mastery of business-cycle trend analysis. Alan also serves as Senior Economic Advisor to numerous U.S. and international trade associations.  The webinar will be moderated by FDMC editor, Will Sampson.  Register for the webinar.

    Beaulieu has been a frequent keynote at the Executive Briefing Conference, which will be held April 14-16 at the San Jose Marriott. View the full agenda.   The 2019 EBC provides strategic and practical information that addresses manufacturing challenges, and a forum for discovery. EBC helps executives anticipate business opportunities and beat the challenges that lie ahead and will ignite and inspire business leaders to create change when they return home.

  • 2020 holiday design contest winners announced

    LAVAL, Canada - 2020 recently announced the winners of its 2018 Holiday Design Fest Contest. Interior designers submitted their "jolliest and cheeriest" designs using 2020 Design and 2020 Fusion. 
     
    “All the designs that were submitted are both beautiful and very festive,” says Santiago Morales, 2020 Design product manager. “I’m glad designers are using the new 2020 Cloud Decorative Items to decorate their designs, and we will continue to add new items to give users a chance to be even more creative with their designs.”
     
    2020 recently added an array of festive items to its 2020 Cloud that designers can use to create holiday-themed designs. The 2020 Decorative Items catalog is compatible with recent versions of 2020 Design and 2020 Fusion.
     
    The winners of the 2020 Holiday Design Fest Contest are:
    2020 Design: Jessica McLeland from Cabinets.com
    2020 Design: Amy Anderson from Cabinets.com
    2020 Fusion: Paul Abdy from Building & Plumbing Supplies LTD
     
    To learn more about the 2020 holiday design gest contest winners, please visit the 2020spaces.com/2020products/2020-holiday-design-fest/contest/2018-gallery.
     

  • Sustainability challenges to be discussed at Decorative Surfaces Conference

    MIAMI -- All economic activities that occur in the natural world require resources such as energy, materials and land, while generating waste and polluting emissions as unwanted byproduct. Today the demand for natural resources and the production of pollution exceed the regenerative capacity of the Earth and put us face to face with one of the biggest challenges of our time: moving towards a sustainable economy. But what does sustainability mean? Despite its simplicity, sustainability is a concept people have a hard time wrapping their minds around: Is it all about recycling? Are “green” or “natural” synonyms for “sustainable”? And last but not least: how can sustainability be addressed in the laminates industry? Does durability play a role there? Let's dig into those questions and debunk some myths.  Dr. Alessandra Fusi, Sustainability specialist with Trespa and Arpa will address all of these questons in her presentation, "Facing the Sustainability Challenge: What Cards Can Our Industry Play?"
     

    The Decorative Surfaces Conference is produced by TCM North America.
    See the FULL PROGRAM HERE.

    REGISTER

    The meeting will be held at the beautiful Miami Biltmore Hotel for two days of presentations from the global leaders in design and surfacing technology. Ample time for networking, and even a little golf, make this the industry’s top event for users of decorative surfaces. Don’t miss it!

    Contact Kenn Busch – [email protected] – with questions about attending and sponsoring.

     

  • WMS 2019 reports brisk exhibit sale activity

    Mississauga – CCI Canada, the organization that runs the 2019 Woodworking Machinery & Supply Conference and Expo, reports that exhibit sales are running well ahead of last year’s event a year out from the show.  WMS, to be held October 31 to November 2, 2019,  is more than 30% ahead of the 2017 event's pace in terms of exhibitors and exhibit space.  “Our 2017 event created a lot of positive momentum and exhibit space sales have continued on a roll since then,” said Tim Fixmer, CEO of CCI Canada, Inc.  WMS 2017 featured more than 270 companies and brands.  “We’ve seen a great uptick in new exhibitors and also exhibitors returning after missing a few show cycles,” said Fixmer.
    Planning is underway for an expanded conference agenda that includes an opening morning keynote that will be free for all attendees.  “We plan to have a marquee presenter to kick the show off in a big way,” said Harry Urban, WMS show manager.
    The education portion of WMS will feature two learning tracks and keynote luncheons.   “Our education program will be devoted to best business practices and technology and design trends,” said Urban.   Also new this year will be learning on the show floor.
    According to Urban, a post event survey from WMS 2017, revealed 87% of the show’s 4,500 attendees plan to return to next year’s show.  "This is the show that brings our industry together and makes it stronger," said Trevor Chaulk, president of Chaulk Woodworking in Minden, ON. "With a vast array of topics in the seminars,supplier networking and machinery advancements it provides the tools for a great future in the wood industry," he said

    Registration for WMS 2019 will open in Spring.  Go to wmscanada.ca for updates.

    About CCI Media
    CCI Canada is owned by CCI Media, a business-to-business media company focused exclusively on industrial wood products manufacturing markets in North America. CCI Media’s flagship publication, FDMC magazine, circulates monthly in print and digital formats. CCI Media also publishes the bi-monthly Closets & Organized Storage Magazine. Woodworking Network is the umbrella brand for the combined portfolio of wood manufacturing print, digital, and web products and industry events operated by CCI Media.   
     
    In addition to WMS 2019, CCI Media produces Wood Pro Expo Charlotte and the Cabinets & Closets Conference & Expo, both of which will be co-located March 6-8, 2019 at the Charlotte Convention Center.  
    The company also produces Wood Pro Expo Lancaster 2019, to be held October 17-18, at Warehouse at the Nook, Manheim, PA and the Executive Briefing Conference, April 14-16 in San Jose, CA.
     

  • Next month's Decorative Surfaces Conference offers a glimpse of the future

    MIAMI -- Get a glimpse of the future at the Decorative Surfaces Conference 2018, 4-6 December in Miami, organized by TCM North America.

    Conference topics include:

    •    The latest on lightweight decorative surfaces: Not just for RTA anymore! The incredible realism of these materials have put architectural surfaces in play. We’ll be analyzing these opportunities.

    •    3D Laminates :  The new design leader? Flexible surfaces offer design options no other material can, and specifiers are taking notice.

    •    Digital scanning and printing of decorative surfaces come of age: Technology that scans and print not just visuals, but textures as well, is about to revolutionize the surfacing industry.

    •    Are composite-wood decorative panels the most sustainable option on the planet? New ways of defining “sustainability” put our materials solidly at the top of the green column.

    •    Formaldehyde:   Addressing “The F-word” with a dose of common sense. There’s a broader context in which we should be talking about this basic organic building block used in thousands of everyday products.

    VIEW FULL PROGRAM.

    The  meeting will be held at the beautiful Miami Biltmore Hotel for two days of presentations from the global leaders in design and surfacing technology. Ample time for networking, and even a little golf, make this the industry’s top event for users of decorative surfaces. Don’t miss it!

    REGISTER before November 9 and save $100.

    Preferred hotel rates end in 9 November, or until our reserved block of rooms is gone, so don’t delay!

    Contact Kenn Busch – [email protected] – with questions about attending and sponsoring.
     

  • Closets industry study findings to be revealed in Charlotte

    CHARLOTTE -- The results of a state of the industry study conducted by Closets & Organized Storage Magazine will be presented exclusively to attendees of the Cabinets & Closets Conference & Expo, March 6-8 at the Charlotte Convention Center.  "We're excited to conduct this study to see where the industry stands and where it's headed, " said Laurel Didier, publisher of Closets & Organized Storage. CCCE 2019 attendees will be the first to receive the results by participating in our conference on March 6." View full conference agenda.

    The main focal points of the study include:

    • The size of the industry.
    • The average sales price for a  master bedroom walk-in closet, laundry room, mudroom, multi-use room with a wall bed and built-ins and garage cabinets and storage
    • The most commonly requested accessories for a master bedroom closet and garage makeover.
    • The average sales volume for closet companies, independent vs dealers, franchisees.
    • Colors and materials are trending in closet and garage cabinets
    • How are designers compensated?
    • Designers average closing ratio.
    • What percentage of  closets companies ' products do they make vs buy?
    • What is the craziest thing a customer asked a designer to include in the design plans?
    • What keeps closet industry executives up at night?

    The Cabinets & Closets Conference & Expo is an annual event featuring a full-day conference, plant tour, and exposition, and is dedicated to home remodeling professionals specializing in building kitchen cabinets, closets, and other home storage designs. Scheduled for March 6-8, 2019 at the Charlotte Convention Center, the Cabinets & Closets Conference and Expo will co-locate with Wood Pro Expo, which is held annually in Charlotte.
    The Wood Pro Expo brand comprises a series of strategic regional events, located in key areas throughout the United States where professional woodworkers congregate. Wood Pro Expo features a full day of education and tours followed by two expo days oriented to equipment and supplies focused on the small-to-medium size shops. The educational offering includes CNC basics, employee recruitment, finishing, lean manufacturing, business management, software, and shop safety. For information on Wood Pro Expo Charlotte, visit WoodProExpoCharlotte.com.

     

  • Learn about American Woodmark's foray into RFID

    ATLANTA, GA -- According to Henry Nisiobincki, the idea that each item is unique in woodworking holds true more than in any other industry. Nisiobincki, RFID Program Manager at American Woodwork Corporation, faced this challenge as he guided the company to benefit from RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification) technology.

    "The questions we asked were, how could we identify the unique history of each unique part?  And how can we use that information to help measure quality, control process flows, and improve inventory accuracy?"

    Nisiobincki said that by using integrated RFID technology to create a unique identity for each piece, American Woodmark Corporation has seen continuous benefit and value.  He will show how a simple low-cost addition to each piece can be the solution for endless cost-savings, as well as the platform for future innovation.  He will discuss American Woodmark's RFID integration  in his presentation at IWF on August 21, titled,  A Unique Technology, in a Unique Part, for a Unique Industry. His session is part of the all-day Woodworking Network Leadership Forum.  The Leadership Forum is sponsored by J B Cutting.

    At American Woodmark Corporation, Nisiobincki manages the RFID Program from a corporate level. He works closely with  the organization's manufacturing plants to understand processes, identify key issues, and develop unique and innovative RFID technology solutions to relieve those issues. His career at American Woodmark started in IT Development and IT Project Management before transitioning into RFID. He said  is excited to share the unique and extensive application of RFID at IWF.


    The targeted audience for this session includes: C-Level management, rising stars and innovators from across the wood products industry including CEO’s, owners, team managers and entrepreneurs and investors.  Registration for the Woodworking Network Leadership Forum is $395 until August 1 and $450 thereafter.  Lunch and admission to the Leadership Reception following the symposia are included.

     

  • Bespoke founder, Keith Morgan, kicks off Leadership Forum at IWF

    ATLANTA, GA -- Keith Morgan knows a thing or two about design.   He also has a knack for employing, training and retaining a talented staff.   His company, Bespoke, caters to an elite international clientele base, emphasizing elegant custom design and spectacular craftsmanship. Not only has Bespoke won multiple Craftsman’s Challenge awards, but also Morgan has earned a reputation for his marketing prowess in the highly competitive world of catering to luxury consumers.   Morgan will be the keynote presenter to kick off the Woodworking Network Leadership Forum on August 21 (the day before IWF opens) at the Georgia World Congress Center. 

    In his keynote titled, Leadership by design, Morgan will discuss the importance of professional design in all aspects of your business including design, manufacturing, and marketing.   According to Morgan, it is essential to integrate a solid design professional or professionals within your front office operations. The organization must have individuals who have experience in the interior design industry but also be able to take on and understand construction techniques at the shop floor level.

    Bespoke has one multiple Craftsman's Challenge Awards.

    His presentation at the 2018 Cabinets & Closets Conference & Expo in Pasadena, Selling directly to the luxury consumer, received outstanding feedback from the audience.  Morgan stresses that it is critical to employ professionals that understand market-viable design and long-term design trend history.   Morgan will also discuss the importance of hiring talented craftspeople and what Bespoke does to retain them indefinitely. 

    He will also address how Bespoke has successfully linked itself to other luxury brands and how you can link your product with other luxury brands to “ride on the coattails of their recognized luxury brand status."
     
    Woodworking Network Leadership Forum at a glance
    Target Audience: C-Level management, rising stars and innovators from across the wood products industry including CEO’s, owners, team managers and entrepreneurs and investors
    Sponsor:  JB Cutting, Inc.
     
     
    9:00 AM  – 10:00 AM - Keynote -- Leadership by Design (presented by Keith Morgan)
     
    10:00 AM - 11:00 AM - Building Bigger, Taller and Stronger with Wood: How Mass Timber is Rolling out in the U.S.
    Products such as cross laminated timber, popular in Europe for more than 20 years, are now making their way into North America in a serious way, with manufacturers in Oregon, Washington, Montana and Alabama coming onstream and innovative new timber buildings appearing in many of our cities. In this presentation, Iain Macdonald, Associate Director of the TallWood Design Institute, will describe mass timber and how it is changing the way America builds. He will cover manufacturing, technical barriers and how they are being overcome, expectations for market growth, and what it means for providers of non-structural wood products.
     
    11:00 AM - Noon - A Unique Technology, in a Unique Part, for a Unique Industry
    Each item is unique, and in woodworking, this is even truer than any other industry. But how could we identify the unique history of each unique part? And how can we use that information to help measure quality, control process flows, and improve inventory accuracy? Using integrated RFID technology to create a unique identity for each piece, American Woodmark Corporation has seen continuous benefit and value.  Henry Nisiobincki will show how a simple low-cost addition to each piece can be the solution for endless cost-savings, as well as the platform for future innovation.
     
    Noon - 1:00 PM - Networking Lunch
     
    1:00 PM - 2:00 PM - Nanotechnology: Small to the World, Big to the Industry
    There's an unprecedented multidisciplinary convergence of scientists dedicated to the study of a world so small, we can't see it - even with a light microscope. Mike Hetherman, president, owner and CEO of Willis - a North American distributor of globally branded building materials and a prominent voice in the design community, will address the field of nanotechnology, the realm of atoms and nanostructures. Nanotechnology is so new, no one is really sure what will come of it. What we do know is that nanotechnology is making its way into the world of building materials. Join us for an intriguing session which will outline the basics of nanotechnology and how it’s being used to revolutionize our industry.
     
    2:00 PM - 3:00 PM - The Business Case for Diversity
    Diversity is quite possibly the best source of innovation and creativity in our industry, according to Whitney Pyle who is also a Woodworking Network Class of 2017 40 under 40 winner. Whitney will discuss her career path through the industry as a female. "The construction and woodworking industries as a whole lack diversity," said Pyle.She said many times when she attended industry events people would presume she was just somebody's spouse. "Together, we will unpack the reasons why, we’ll discuss why it’s important to change it, what we can do to change it," said Pyle. "We’ll also discuss what steps to take to ensure all people become integrated and engaged in our organizations and our industry."
     
    3:00 PM - 4:00 PM - Understand the New Consumer
    This presentation lead by Mike Hetherman, will unearth two very distinct types of consumers – the NEO and the Traditional – and how they are powering our economy.  Discover why targeting one versus the other will drastically change your sales, marketing and pricing strategies forever. You’ll learn who spends the most, most frequently, and find out more about their values, attitudes and, ultimately, buying behavior and communication preference.  Most importantly, you’ll learn how to quickly connect with your customer, close jobs faster, work less and maximize your profits.
     
    4:00 PM - 5:00 PM - 40 under 40 leadership panel:
    Woodworking Network’s 40 under 40 award recognizes those individuals that have made a difference in their careers, their companies, their communities and to the industry.  Benchmarks include productivity, profitability, social good, innovation, peer inspiration, product development and organizational leadership. 
     
    This illustrious panel, made up of members of the Class of 2018 and alumni, will address their leadership journey and offer insights into the future of the industry.
     
    The Leadership Forum is followed at 5:30 PM by a Leadership reception to recognize the 40 under 40 Class of 2018. 
     
    All registrants for the Leadership Forum are invited to attend. Registration to attend IWF is included in the cost of admission.  Click HERE to register for the Leadership Forum
     

     

  • Contrat historique pour Conception R.P.

    Conception R.P. commence la conception puis la fabrication d’un projet d’envergure aux États-Unis pour un fabriquant de bois lamellé-croisé ou sous l’acronyme CLT (Cross Laminated Timber). Le projet se réalisera sur une période d’un peu plus d’un an et créera près de 10 à 15 emplois à temps plein dans la ville de Québec.
     
    « Nous sommes fiers de travailler avec un tel joueur dans l’industrie. L’aboutage de bois leur permettra d’utiliser des planches de bois plus courtes pour leur besoin et ainsi leur donner une plus grande flexibilité sur le plan des achats et de la production » Louis-André Levesque, Responsable du développement des affaires chez Conception R.P.
     
    L’usine comprendra un système de dépilage des bois, un système de vision pour analyser les défauts, des scies automatiques à haute vitesse pour couper les défauts, le système d’aboutage à haute vitesse CRP-3000, un grand convoyeur de séchage des bois, des ébouteuses de précisions, un empileur de paquets automatique puis un système de sanglage des paquets.
     

Shaving horse

A shaving horse (shave horse, or shaving bench[1]) is a combination of vice and workbench, used for green woodworking. Typical usage of the shaving horse is to create a round profile along a square piece, such as for a chair leg or to prepare a workpiece for the pole lathe. They are used in crafts such as coopering and bowyery.

The shavehorse is commonly used as the preparation of stock prior to turning in a lathe, to roughly form cylindrical billets, the intermediate dressing phase between a crudely dressed raw split log and the final lathe work.

As the name "horse" suggests, the worker sits astride the shaving horse. The clamp is operated by the operator pressing their feet onto a treadle bar below. A foot-actuated clamp holds the work piece securely against pulling forces, especially as when shaped with a drawknife or spokeshave.[2][3][4]

Video: Woodworking Projects