Simple Woodwork Plans | Woodworking Tips

Adept woodworker Ted McGrath created the Ted’s Woodworking Package as a valuable resource which would present woodworkers using some quite remarkable thoughts and projects.

The bundle has various qualities which allow it to be the”#1 woodworking Resource” and a few of those attributes alongside a couple petty drawbacks will be assessed in this review.

woodworking workshop

What Kind of Projects Can Ted’s woodworking Package Contain?

Ted McGrath, the mastermind who created this innovative package, she’s also an instructor and a member of AWI as well. Ted’s woodworking Bundle Includes a diverse selection of 16,000 easy ideas and projects, including:

  • Arbor Plans
  • Barn Plans
  • Cabinet Plans
  • Dog House Plans
  • Garage Plans
  • Swing Set Plans
  • Windmill Plans
  • Many more

woodworking ideas

Woodworkers will find it quite easy to begin woodworking when they’re after because all the ideas and jobs Ted’s resource are easy to comprehend and easy. Ted McGrath spent two years researching so that he could gather enough material for a comprehensive package, and he ended up creating a really’complete’ woodworking source.

Many might still seem unsure whether they need to be buying Ted’s woodworking Package, despite all the positive traits. The plethora of resources available online make it more difficult to make the ideal choice. There are actually many things that place Ted’s woodworking Package besides other people.

Ted’s woodworking Project �” Pros and Cons

The Experts

Ideas Suitable for Woodworkers of All Levels

Woodworkers of all degrees will get to profit from Ted’s woodworking Package. People that are just getting started will find the ideas and projects in Ted’s package quite simple. Without doubt, intricate carpentry is demanded; however, they will find it really simple to follow Ted’s simple step-by-step instructions. Currently, both novice and seasoned ones are using Ted’s woodworking Package. The excellent thing about the ideas and projects mentioned in Ted’s source is that they may be completed in a very short time.

woodworking projects that sell

Useful Bonuses

Ted McGrath also offers three very valuable bonuses into the woodworkers who buy his bundle, namely:

  • Free CAD plan and drawing viewer
  • The Total woodworking Carpentry Guide
  • 150 premium woodworking movies

Complete woodworking Carpentry Guide is two hundred page source that will help beginners learn a whole lot about woodworking. They will also be able to advance their woodworking and carpentry abilities through the 150 videos.

Excellently Organized

It’s fairly surprising that the material’s in Ted’s woodworking Package are so excellently coordinated although it contains around 16,000 simple woodworking thoughts and woodworking projects. Woodworkers are going to be able to find any project of their choice in this package quite easily, even though there numerous choices.

60-Day Iron Clad Money-back Guarantee

Overall, this item is and those who purchase it’ll be endorsed by a 60-day warranty, so if this woodworking bundle fails to satisfy them, they always have the ability to get their cash back.

The Cons

Takes Time to Download

Ted’s woodworking Package can take a slightly long time to down because of its large dimensions. Yet, with a high-speed internet connection it should download within a few minutes.

Slightly Overwhelming

Since there are several ideas, projects and plans at Ted’s woodworking Resource, so a few found it somewhat overwhelming and overpowering. Nonetheless, they didn’t mind being overrun considering how this bundle is so impressively organized.

The Bottom Line

woodworking beginner

The bottom line is that Ted’s woodworking package is so comprehensive and vast it contains pretty much every woodworking project a woodworker may be interested in constructing.

This woodworking bundle created by Ted McGrath is really unmatchable and can’t be compared to all those other woodworking packages that can be found throughout the net. Ted has done his very best to guide them in every possible way he can, through simple to understand textual instructions, clear images and even videos too.

Thus, woodworkers who purchase Ted’s Woodworking Resource won’t be disappointed with the woodworking thoughts and woodworking jobs they will find within. So, it is certainly worth buying!

This is my Beginners List of Woodworking Safety Equipment:

Safety glasses, clear safety goggles, dust masks, face shield, hearing protectors, Nitrile disposable gloves|}
We could go on and on with listing more woodworking hand tools and much more woodworking power tools , but the idea is to purchase the essential hand and power tools which novices will need. You can always increase your toolbox as you gain experience!

Simple Woodwork Plans Advice for Beginner Woodworking Craftsmen:

At this point you have a fantastic new hobby in woodworking, so you’ve bought your woodworking project plan and you’re really excited to start using your woodworking tools, but how? Your woodworking project plan should provide you step by step directions and methods to complete your project. But if you’re not certain about what to do there is help available! There are several areas that beginning woodworkers can learn about the woodworking craft. First, subscribe to one of the many woodworking magazines available. Each month the authors in woodworking publications do a story on the best way best to improve your woodworking craft. Whether it’s showing you how you can apply an end to a finished project, or how to create a mortise and tenon joint, something new can be heard each month. Next, is buying educational DVD like those made by Fine Woodworking Magazine. Instructional Woodworking DVD’s cover topics such as: Assessing your table saw, how to use a router, how to turn wood projects, turning wooden bowls, and timber finishing basics. As you can see, there are many educational resources available for the beginning woodworker to learn about the woodworking craft.

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Finding Woodworking Projects and Plans for Beginners Simple Woodwork Plans

If you are a beginner and very enthusiastic about doing a DIY job for home afterward, woodworking could be fun. If you do not have the proper information, instruction, and ability, you might wind up spending more money and time than you originally meant to spend. As a beginner woodworker, you want to have time and the correct tools. Having mentioned, there are a couple of essential factors that you need to keep in mind, before starting with any woodworking project.

1. If you’re just beginning, you must first need to be somewhat interested in woodworking. Creating something new with your own hands is a particular sense. Do not begin a project if you are not interested, because this might land you in a bad place.

2. Think of the main reason behind making this woodworking project. Decide on the uses of this item you are making.

3. Consider your abilities and analyze the time you have, before you start with a project.

4. Start jobs that you’re able to finish. If you’re in the midst of a work, then it is better to not begin any project in any way.

How to Become a Master Woodworker From Your Own Home Simple Woodwork Plans

If you maintain these essential points in your mind before beginning a woodworking project, it is going to become very easy for you to achieve success. Woodwork requires preparation as much because it takes effort. So how can you get started?

Getting Started Using Woodworking Projects and Strategies for Beginners

Before starting anything, it’s essential to choose the woodworking projects that you wish to start with. As a newcomer, always pick a project that has a very basic construct up or a simple structure. A few easy to begin projects include, bird feeder, benches, shelves, etc.. As soon as you get hold of the techniques, you can always proceed to the next level of woodworking jobs, like cupboards, sheds, and others. Beginning projects should keyword be less complicated and less bothersome so you have a better comprehension of working with forests and their resources. When the job is selected, start selecting your tools.

Beginners Woodworking Tools, Simple Woodwork Plans

Tools would be the ways whereby you will win the battle of woodworking. Many men and women believe power tools are requires. But for beginners, basic hand tools can be quite handy and more than useful in completing a project. If woodworking is your hobby, then a few tools that you would demand would be:

1. Workbench – A workbench is needed for precise cuts and dimensions. Even the workbench, when fixed with vises, offer ample space to operate. As a primary tool, workbench must be part of your beginner’s woodworking tools.

2. Hammer – Hammer is a vital tool for woodworks. It helps you to drive nails, pins, staples, etc.. A small and lightweight hammer can make things much easy for you. When you purchase a hammer, always assess the balance between the weight and stand. Always select a sturdy, yet lightweight item.

3. Saw – A saw is just another tool that you can’t live without while woodworking. |} This tool helps you to cut woods at several sizes. There are different types of saws out there on the marketplace. Choose a size which you can handle.

4. Screwdriver – Screwdrivers are available in various shapes and sizes. Mostly you will find Canadian kinds and standard flat kind. Possessing all of them can help you in advance woodworking. You can also buy keyword power screwdrivers since they make the work much quicker.

5. Measuring tape – It’s another essential tool which you cannot work without. The measuring tape helps you to quantify wood before they can be attached together.

6. Wrench – Some woodworking jobs require fixing bolts and fixes. For these projects, you demand a wrench. However, this is not a tool for novices, but having it would make work simpler for you in a later stage.

7. Drill – Drill helps you create holes in timber. Low wattage power drills can make the task much simple.

8. Additional small and fundamental tools – These include pencils, gum, staple chewing, amount, erase, first aid kit and shop vac.

Costing and Budget for Your Job

There’s not any fixed price on woodworking jobs. Based on the sort of project that you would like to complete, pricing can be determined. The simple the job, the less price it involves. But at the very beginning buying the tools will be a little hefty. Because of this, it is better to resolve a budget on the tools, then keyword on the undertaking. Purchasing the basic tools will ensure that you do not have to purchase any more material aside from the timber ply.

Time and Instructions

Instructions are among the primary things that each and every beginner should follow. Instructions guide is quite easy to comprehend the process, what to do and the way to do it. It keyword is a systematic manual for completing the project. Time also has a significant role in the building of woodworking jobs. Woodworking projects demand time and therefore it is necessary for a novice to have ample amount of time every week.

Ideas for Beginners

There are no quick tips or tricks that will make the work easy. But the most essential thing keyword which can help you to reach success is proper planning. With proper planning and a strategy, it’s likely to achieve success quickly. If you know the purpose of woodworking, then the thing you want to build, the tools you need to own and the typical time you can devote every day; then you are all set to go.

Conclusion, Simple Woodwork Plans

These strategies and instruction will make the woodworking projects and plans for novices fast to finish. Always ensure you have all the vital tools, materials, space ready. Keep the instructions for building an item handy. Appropriate strategy and preparation can help you to make a great woodworking job for your property.

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How to Become a Master Woodworker From Your Own Home Simple Woodwork Plans

Folks if you’re looking for a way to pass time or want an alternate method to generate money they generally turn to a hobby that they enjoy. Woodworking is one of the hobbies people turn to perform as a hobby or home based business. It is very exciting to do and anyone can begin.

When doing woodworking in your home there are a lot of projects one can consider. When starting out you need to be very cautious when choosing which job to start out with since there are jobs that may be too tough for a newbie. But do not be concerned about that because we are going to provide you tips on the right means to start woodworking as a newcomer.

The same as any other hobby woodworking demands some working equipment, therefore before you pick your job you need to be aware of whether you have the available tools to work on that project. Try not to spend a good deal of money on purchasing gear when starting out, buy more equipment as you get more experience and become a professional carpenter. If you enjoy your hobby then there will be no gap between the artistic hand and the normal hands.

Starting Your First Woodworking Shop Simple Woodwork Plans

To keep yourself updated you have to disseminate with different brands tools and forests. Woodworking at home will give you time to research unique jobs and find out a lot of things. That’s why it’s important to spend less money when starting out so that you can manage to make mistakes and at any time learning about different jobs.
It’s very important that you know more about different kinds of wood available for making jobs. Expect carpenters use several types of wood quality for decorating bits, learning what type of wood that they use can help you prepare the wood you will need for specific projects you might want to pursue.
Once you know the basics of wood selection and the usage of different tools now you can implement them in cutting out well wood pieces and putting wood together. Knowing what to do can help you in creating good projects to satisfy your needs.

Simple Woodwork Plans practice makes perfect so be sure that you practice your work daily if at all possible. Try out lots of layouts using various tools so you may get the hang of working with the tools. When starting out you may earn a range of errors but with time you will find out how to correctly utilize them and create quality projects.

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Woodwork Crafts – The Beginners Guide To Woodworking Simple Woodwork Plans

Woodworking as a hobby can be among the most rewarding experiences you’ll ever enjoy. You may get started on a shoestring with a minimal amount of tools and equipment. A small home workshop can produce a wide array of simple projects that can allow you to develop your creative and building abilities while rewarding you with practical and artistic wood products which you are able to appreciate and also give away to family and friends.

WHERE TO DO YOUR WOODWORKING

Before we get into the gear you should begin with, let us talk about where you’ll perform your woodworking, based on the size of your house, you might be able to produce a dedicated space into your woodworking tasks. This might be a reserved spot on your garage or in your cellar. In some cases, a detached shed or outbuilding may be perfect to prepare your first shop. A heated store detached from your house offers one distinct advantage: better pest management. Without sophisticated dust control methods, basement workshops will inevitably produce dust that travels to the living area of your home. This is very true in homes with forced air heating systems in which cold air yields found in the cellar draw dust up into the upper levels of the home. Another advantage of detached workshops would be, of course, the sound level. You can work without bothering the remainder of the household. A good compromise might be the garage of your property.

This might help decrease the difficulties of dust and noise, however depending on where you reside, a keyword garage workshop might not be practical during extremes of hot or cold weather.

How to Become a Master Woodworker From Your Own Home Simple Woodwork Plans

YOUR WOODWORKING SETUP

Space is obviously a struggle for the woodworker. Irrespective of where you are in your development, everyone from beginner to expert all wishes they add more space to function in. Simple Woodwork Plans if you can have a dedicated place for a workshop all the greater. Floor tools and bench top equipment can remain in position from project to project. If this installation isn’t hopeless, at least try to create a bench area where equipment can be saved and pulled out as necessary. If possible plan for inevitable expansion as you get more tools and gear. At the beginning, set up a bench area where you can shop and use the majority of your equipment, using a temporary expansion of your actions onto the garage or basement floor.

A basic workbench can be constructed from cheap laminated timber ideally at least 48 to 54 inches wide and 32 inches deep. |} The bench needs to be around waist height. Insert a sturdy shelf below the bench to house your hand power tools along with a pegboard over the bench to hang additional equipment. Install a woodworking at one end of your seat on the front to maintain tiny workpieces.

ACQUIRING YOUR EQUIPMENT, Simple Woodwork Plans

The scope of your start-up equipment will be largely based on your financial plan. Whether you’ve got big financial resources or you are starting on a shoestring always buy quality equipment. If you can afford it, then buy your quality tools at your regional construction and hardware center. If your budget is tight buy quality used tools from others through Kijiji or alternative regional ads. There are plenty of quality lightly used tools out there which belong to people who embarked on that 1 molding job around the home or obtained tools as gifts which they won’t ever use. You can usually purchase tools for all these sellers for under half the initial price and save even more money if you create a package deal for all their unused equipment. Of course, getting tools from private people will require additional time and perhaps travel expenses. Weigh the benefits of traveling around town to save a couple added dollars on a inexpensive piece of equipment. The extra cost of travel and time in these scenarios is usually justified when buying large ticket items such as table saws, bandsaws or high ended tools like surface planers in the future.
For smaller acquisitions, a trip to your building center could possibly be the best approach.

START-UP EQUIPMENT

In earlier times skilled workers worked with a minimum quantity of hand gear yet generated sophisticated and complex bits. Concentrate on developing your abilities with your startup set of tools and avoid lamenting about the gear you wished you’d.
Here is a listing of the more useful tools You Will Need to get started:
Safety Equipment: Start as expected with eye protection. Get a decent pair of safety glasses which also offer you some side protection to your eyes. Purchase a quality acrylic set that will be scratch resistant. Progressive scratching of cheaper plastic pairs will gradually hamper your vision and influence safety. Avoid wearing goggles in a workshop. Most impair eyesight and dust up quickly. You may avoid wearing them all together in the event that you find them uneasy.

The next piece of crucial safety gear you’ll need entails ear protection. Ear protection is often overlooked by the novice woodworker however is almost as crucial as eye protection. Woodworking can be noisy and long-term exposure to those sound levels can affect hearing and lead to tinnitus and other hearing losses. I also find that wearing hearing protection combats exhaustion.

Most employees tire faster when subjected to elevated sound levels. Select powerful hearing protection which you find comfortable and effective. Last, put on a cap to keep the dust from your hair. With this setup I’m shielding my eyes and my ears. I’m keeping the dust out of my hair. I am good to go!

Power Hand Saw: Frequently referred to as a skill saw following the favorite brand name, this may end up being the most flexible tool in a startup workshop. In fact, at the hands of an expert, a power hand saw can be used to construct an entire property. At some point, you are going to want to buy a table saw, but for the time being, a power hand saw for the woodworker on a funding enables him to do cross cuts, tear cuts and even elaborate angle cuts. As mentioned before get a quality brand saw. Stay away from cheap unknown brands. These are inclined to cut back and will burn out before you start your second project. After choosing the proper saw install a quality blade. Most saws include a starter blade of lower quality even if they’re a fantastic saw. Keep this blade as a backup and put in a quality blade with carbide teeth. Begin with a hybrid .

Power Jig Saw: A jigsaw will add great versatility to a woodworking. |} Curved cutting is the point where the jigsaw excels. This versatile tool can’t just cut corners. It is ideal for cutting holes in wood too like manage slots. Eventually, you’ll want to obtain a ring saw. Bandsaws are even more flexible but a excellent floor unit can be expensive. A jigsaw can be a good stop gap for the novice woodworker.

Purchase an assortment of blades for your own jigsaw that includes various lengths and teeth per inch.

Battery Powered Drill: buy a quality drill that runs at 12 volts, however, 18 volts is better. |} Get one with a keyless chuck and if it’s in your budget contemplate a 1/2 inch toss over the conventional 3/8 inch model. Through tough lessons learned, I have found that buying quality, in this scenario, is much more critical than ever. Cheaper drills tend to get very short run times and need to be recharged often. Their long-term battery life tends to be poor and to make things worse keyless chucks come loose and slip frequently. This is one annoyance you do not need on your workshop. Buy an range of superior carbide tipped drill bits that are stored in a holder labeling each drill bit size. Create a habit of returning each drill bit to its potential slot in the holder after every use. Last, get a pair of tough steel driver bits. Your drill may also be a versatile screwdriver, especially if you picked an 18-volt model.

Hammer: The hammer stays as the most versatile instrument in the store, and often the most misunderstood one. |} Incidentally, the hammer is the 1 instrument where most workshop injuries occur. Although the most ordinary, hammer accidents are often of a minor character, varying from bruised palms into the temporary reduction of a fingernail. Hammers greatly vary in quality and price. So what’s the difference between a cheap hammer and an expensive hammer? Quality hammers are precisely machined with a good solid joint between the handle and mind. The fantastic hammer is balanced, doesn’t rust and features a comfortable handle. Many hammers in the high tech range provide metal or fiberglass handles. Cheaper hammers usually have wood handles with inferior joints between the handle and head. The mind typically comes loose and the tool becomes useless. Pick a title brand quality hammer at the 16-ounce range for overall work and a smaller completing hammer for more intricate work. Avoid using large framing hammers in the workshop and any with dimpled mind tips. These types of hammers are more appropriate to rough framing jobs and are unsuitable in the workshop.

Palm Sander: Buy a 1/4 sheet . This tiny power tool can manage pretty much any trimming requirements that you have as a novice woodworker. As your woodworking abilities evolve, you’ll probably update to a floor version disc and belt sander. But for the time being, the ever-versatile palm sander may clean up edges, cross cuts and perhaps even limited amounts of surface space. As you embark on the first few projects you’ll find that your palm sander with a bit of effort can transform rough looking inventions into virtual works of art! It is possible to use your palm sander to sand and form rough boards with 100 grit paper and after finish your work with 200 or even 300 grit paper. Buy an assortment of sandpaper sheets using an extra supply of 100 grit paper. You’ll get that this caliber of paper that the most versatile on your shop.

Hand Planes and Chisels: These traditional tools are a must in every workshop. |} Though low tech in theory, these tools allow you to taper borders, flatten high spots and fix any imperfections in wood pieces. {Begin with a typical amount 4 airplane and an assortment of quality chisels varying in width from 1/4 inch to 1 inch.

Clamps: Sooner or later you’ll want pliers for glue-ups and simply to hold down your wood pieces as you operate on them. Unfortunately, superior clamps are costly and it normally takes the beginner woodworker a couple of years to collect a detailed set of wood clamps. Start with a set of extended”pipe” clamps. Today the pipe has been replaced with long steel shafts, however, the structure is still the same. Get a pair of the maximum clamps that you can spend. You can get in touch with them for smaller adhesive jobs and expand them to their full length for larger projects.

Shop Vice: A store vice installed in the end of the seat is perfect for holding smaller tasks for trimming, filing, and gap cutting with your jigsaw. Buy a woodworking vice with replaceable wooden clamping surfaces and avoid metal functioning vices with metal jaws. Woodworking vices with their timber clamping surfaces may securely hold wood pieces without marring or damaging them. A number of the better vices offer quick release mechanisms that enable the consumer to rapidly open and close the limbs with no dull handle turning. The timber beamed surfaces in your vice will periodically require replacement. I prefer to use soft pine in my vices which won’t crush or damage many of the various forests that I utilize. Whether I’m working in soft pine or hard walnut, softwood clamping surfaces function the best.

Tape Measure and Marking Device: In your workshop, the ever-humble tape step is going to be one of your most frequently used tools. Purchase a good excellent name brand tape measure with a wide tape usually from the 25-foot range. Even though in your store you may not be using the tape in these lengths, the larger tape steps offer more rigid tapes that will not flop around and slide off the ending of boards. Assessing when you are by yourself will be a great deal easier, and naturally, quality tape measures can last for several decades.

When marking projects, I favor a sharp good old-fashioned HB pencil. An HB pencil will generate a nice mark without scratching the timber.

What is Woodworking? The Benefits of Woodworking Simple Woodwork Plans

Woodworking is referred to as the building or the production of objects out of wood. It is possible to create a great deal of unique items from woodworking and these objects can be as large as gazebos or as little as wooden toys. However large or small your personal project maybe you’ll be quite likely to accomplish that aim with woodworking. Additionally, woodworking has lots of private in addition to psychological benefits! In this article, I will briefly identify some of the benefits for you.

Woodworking as a Career:

People who build things out of wood are generally known keyword because carpenters. Carpenters can operate on a variety of woodworking jobs and job types. For example, some carpenters own their carpentry business and these individuals have the luxury to set their job hours. This benefit enables carpenters the opportunity to spend additional time with their own families and also have less job strain. Raising kids is a very difficult task no matter what way you approach the task! To get a carpenter who owns his or her own business, this task may not be hard because that individual will have more time to be part of her or his child’s life. By playing a bigger part in the life of your child you’ll be having a larger impact on the sort of personality that kid develops into, which is a huge concern for any loving parent. Besides these advantages, carpentry can also have health benefits as well.

How to Become a Master Woodworker From Your Own Home Simple Woodwork Plans

Physical Health Benefits of Woodworking:

Woodworking requires working with and carrying wood around a whole lot. This causes more physical activity, which leads to better physical health. Maintaining your body physically healthy is really important and keyword will help prevent the occurrence of various illnesses in the foreseeable future life. By being physically healthy you can decrease chances you will have a heart attack, have seizures, turned into a diabetic, and lower the odds of having a number of different illnesses.

Simple Woodwork Plans, Do It Yourself Woodworking Saves Money:

I feel like I paid way too far when I visit home improvement shops and buy patio furniture, and I am certain that I am not the only person who has felt this way! A successful small business owner once told me to constantly raise the sales price of a product to double what you’ve got it for. In this manner, you can always reduce the product to 50 percent away and come out without acquiring any losses. This sounds like it might be the exact same tactic that home improvement stores use in selling their wooden furniture solutions. Regardless, there’s a way which you can get around paying the extra cash and that’s to do with building it yourself. Luckily, there are several really excellent woodworking products that offer thousands of comprehensive woodworking keyword strategies for countless different project types. Thus, you can really build whatever you need or see in any home improvement store. Doing something yourself does take a bit of time but time is well spent when you end up saving hundreds of dollars because of your hard work.

  • Industry 4.0: The Connected Factory - Part 4, Technology

    This May the woodworking world will be meeting, once again, at LIGNA  in Germany. The best and the newest in machinery will be showcased. As in the previous shows in Atlanta and Hanover Germany, Industry 4.0 will be a major theme. The subject of Industry 4.0, the Connected Factory, or the Smart Factory is the focus of new development within the manufacturing industry worldwide. The woodworking and furniture industry are also transforming - because they must.
    We see how the internet is transforming our life, at home and at work. It changes the way we conduct business. It is inevitable that our industry will transition. The only question is if the change is an evolution, and somewhat controlled, or will it be a revolution and disruptive? How much of a game changer will it be? The Internet of Services (IoS) and the Internet of Things (IoT) will not go around our industry - it will go right through it! Industry 4.0 or The Connected Factory will transform the woodworking and furniture industry in the same way it will change all other manufacturing sectors. Internet-based sales are growing extremely fast. Key players in the industry are taking delivery times down from weeks to days. 
    The supply chain/logistics companies are working on concepts to deliver furniture at the same speed as phones, clothes, and other consumer goods.  
    The Smart Factory is not just for big companies. There are good examples where relatively small companies have successfully adopted the technology. In most of these cases there is a tech-savvy owner/operator to push the envelope. Companies, big or small, need to start addressing their own Industry 4.0 future. 
    Industry 4.0 touches all aspects of the business. To prepare for The Connected Factory, we need to look at all facets of the company. At Lignum Consulting, we have identified 7 key areas that all need to be addressed in order to get your company prepared. All these areas are interconnected and need to be aligned:
    • Strategy
    • Product
    • Technology
    • Logistics
    • Data integration
    • Organization
    • Human Resources
    By analyzing these seven subjects, you create a snapshot of where the company is now. Gaps will show, and future capital investments and major organizational and internal projects can be evaluated on the impact they make on the score card. In the previous articles we focused on “Strategy” and “Product”.  This article will do a deep-dive into “Technology”. 
     
    Process Engineering – Defining the right automated technology and equipment for the business. Analyzing the current manufacturing processes and understanding the leading-edge technology used in our and similar industries is a critical element in the Technology category. The equipment and software need to be aligned with the size, product mix and manufacturing model of the company. 
    The manufacturing processes also need to be in line with the product and volume requirements. For example, in cabinet manufacturing, is nesting or cut and drill the best process? Does the company’s situation justify feed-through equipment or is stationary equipment sufficiently effective and productive? Are smart production cells or integrated production lines the right approach? In edgebanding, which gluing system (i.e. PUR vs. EVA) is most suitable for the current and near future of the company? Process engineering and equipment specifications need to support the manufacturing model (we will write more about this in a later segment).  With the escalation of the Connected Factory, Process Engineering becomes increasingly important and more complex. 
     
    Automation / Technology
    When talking about technology we refer to machines, tooling, IT, and process engineering. One of the most important questions, when addressing technology within the context of Industry 4.0 is, “Are the installed technology and infrastructure able to network and in alignment with the networking requirements of the fulfillment model?” 
    Before Industry 4.0, technology needed to be flexible, cost-effective, and fast. Machines were island solutions. Machines were linked to form machine groups, but essentially, they were still island solutions. Now, with the next step forward, machines need to be “all of the above” and must be able to communicate with other machines and business software and run autonomously with very little intervention by operators.  Only this way can companies respond to the increasing shortage of qualified labor and meet their strategic growth targets.
     
    You do not have to invest in the highest degree of integrated and automated equipment all the time. The technology applied needs to match the business requirements. Economic rules still apply in the world of Industry 4.0. As you push automation, it must remain economically viable. Your investment strategy however must have a strong focus on the networking ability of the equipment. The more leading-edge technology you apply, the more you might have to accept a longer payback period. Therefore, it is also very important to have a strategy in place to grow into automation.
     
    One of the many challenges for the industry is the lack of universal standards and communication protocols between the different machine suppliers. Not every machine can communicate with other machines or software. The compatibility and ability to integrate must be key in the selection process. 
     
    In your overall investment strategy, you create the ideal scenario. Incremental investments will have to fit this future plan, even if you do not have the means to interconnect them currently. But successfully implementing highly automated and integrated equipment is more than purchasing a piece of equipment. The company’s support structure must be ramped up as well in order to fully utilize the potential of the equipment. 
     
    Engineering support
    The engineering staff needs to be trained in automated processes and equipment. More and more, engineering will be driving the efficiencies of the processes and the installed equipment. They need to understand not only the equipment, but also the other inputs that make the automation successful.
     
    Maintenance
    With an increased level of technology, the reliance level of the equipment needs to increase as well. We can not rely on Corrective Maintenance - a system where “we repair it when it breaks down."  Even a system of Preventative Maintenance needs to be upgraded to Predictive Maintenance. Defined processes need to be in place to minimize and/or prevent unplanned equipment stoppages and breakdowns.
    Many tools are available and need to be used and developed within the company. Some of the tools are:
    • Vibration analysis 
    • Acoustical analysis (sonic and/or ultrasonic level)
    • Sonic monitoring
    • Infrared monitoring and analysis
    • Oil analysis  
     Industry 4.0 supports maintenance efforts with vision systems whereby maintenance operators can communicate with technical support staff from the machine suppliers (seeing the same thing). 
    In the future, machines will recognize the need for a component exchange, order the machine component, and indicate the need for the replacement autonomously.
     
    Tool Management
    Leading edge technology also includes leading edge tooling. Industry 4.0 will also have a major impact on tools. Tracking tools and their usage easily provides data to optimise their use and provides feedback for improvements. The collected data will be used to enhance the specification, sharpening cycles, operating data – the entire life cycle of tools is being digitized. 
    With the amount of data provided by sensors in the machine, tool suppliers can be integrated in the management of tools. There are already some developments, where instead of selling tools to the manufacturer, tool suppliers will provide tools on a charge-per-use basis. 
    Infrastructure
    Dust collection, compressed air, heating/cooling, IT network, and building management are all part of the company’s infrastructure. 
    Dust Collection
    Dust collection is connected to all the machines electronically that produce dust and chips. The data from the machines (i.e. on/off, chip producing = tools engaged) is communicated to the dust collector, which then regulates the appropriate exhaust volume (CFM) by controlling the RPM of the exhaust motors. The disposal system is connected via text or email to inform the truck driver of a full disposal bin. Big data is collected for analysis to further reduce the energy consumption of the system and optimize the maintenance. 
    Compressed Air
    The cost of compressed air is traditionally ignored. Compressors are running full-time, and airlines are leaking. Energy reviews on compressed air systems show that the energy consumption cost, as part of the total cost of compressed air over the lifetime of a compressor (i.e. 10 years) is a multiple of the initial investment cost. Sensors and gauges can again provide data for analysis and control of the equipment. The additional information provided by this Industry 4.0 technology will lead to better equipment utilization and operating cost reduction.
    Heating/Cooling and Lighting 
    The best comparison here is the advances we see in our homes. We can control temperature and lights with our smartphones. If it is beneficial in relatively small residential homes, consider how much more will this improve the operation costs in industrial buildings.
     
    The factory of the future is fully networked. Equipment, sensors and workers need to have access to, and share, information.
     
    Where Do You Start?
    It is rather clear that Industry 4.0 cannot be purchased with deep pockets and a few purchase orders alone. There is also no one-size-fits-all roadmap for woodworking companies. The reality is that the details are important, and details can be defined only if you have a team that understands the subject.
    Reading up on the subject and visiting tradeshows are excellent starting points. One fact becomes clear, the Smart Factory of the future requires cooperation of team members within manufacturing, operations, product engineering and IT competencies. 
     
    We will continue to write about Industry 4.0 and the seven key areas of Industry 4.0. The next article will focus on Logistics in the Connected Factory. We welcome and encourage your feedback, and you can reach us at [email protected]
    Georg Frey
    Sepp Gmeiner

    About the authors

    Georg Frey is the president of Lignum Consulting. Sepp Gmeiner is a partner at Lignum Consulting.  They can be reached at [email protected].

     

  • Recession coming? Find out from EBC keynote Alan Beaulieu

    San Jose -- Alan Beaulieu, president and a principal of ITR Economics, will discuss the economic outlook for 2019 in a webinar on Tuesday, January 29 at 3 p.m. Eastern.  His presentation, "Shifting Gears and Looking Ahead," will discuss how the U.S. and global economies are not what they were last year and what to expect in 2019.  The changes that he will discuss include:

    • Policy pressures/benefits on business
    • Consumer behavior
    • Business spending
    • Labor market
    • Commodity prices
    • Interest Rates
    • Impact on our markets

    Attendees will be prepared for the rest of 2019 and will have the confidence to effect tactical changes that will enhance profitability through 2020.  Since 1990, Beaulieu has consulted across North America, Europe, and Asia, optimizing companies’ forecasts and planning to increase profits through his mastery of business-cycle trend analysis. Alan also serves as Senior Economic Advisor to numerous U.S. and international trade associations.  The webinar will be moderated by FDMC editor, Will Sampson.  Register for the webinar.

    Beaulieu has been a frequent keynote at the Executive Briefing Conference, which will be held April 14-16 at the San Jose Marriott. View the full agenda.   The 2019 EBC provides strategic and practical information that addresses manufacturing challenges, and a forum for discovery. EBC helps executives anticipate business opportunities and beat the challenges that lie ahead and will ignite and inspire business leaders to create change when they return home.

  • 2020 holiday design contest winners announced

    LAVAL, Canada - 2020 recently announced the winners of its 2018 Holiday Design Fest Contest. Interior designers submitted their "jolliest and cheeriest" designs using 2020 Design and 2020 Fusion. 
     
    “All the designs that were submitted are both beautiful and very festive,” says Santiago Morales, 2020 Design product manager. “I’m glad designers are using the new 2020 Cloud Decorative Items to decorate their designs, and we will continue to add new items to give users a chance to be even more creative with their designs.”
     
    2020 recently added an array of festive items to its 2020 Cloud that designers can use to create holiday-themed designs. The 2020 Decorative Items catalog is compatible with recent versions of 2020 Design and 2020 Fusion.
     
    The winners of the 2020 Holiday Design Fest Contest are:
    2020 Design: Jessica McLeland from Cabinets.com
    2020 Design: Amy Anderson from Cabinets.com
    2020 Fusion: Paul Abdy from Building & Plumbing Supplies LTD
     
    To learn more about the 2020 holiday design gest contest winners, please visit the 2020spaces.com/2020products/2020-holiday-design-fest/contest/2018-gallery.
     

  • Sustainability challenges to be discussed at Decorative Surfaces Conference

    MIAMI -- All economic activities that occur in the natural world require resources such as energy, materials and land, while generating waste and polluting emissions as unwanted byproduct. Today the demand for natural resources and the production of pollution exceed the regenerative capacity of the Earth and put us face to face with one of the biggest challenges of our time: moving towards a sustainable economy. But what does sustainability mean? Despite its simplicity, sustainability is a concept people have a hard time wrapping their minds around: Is it all about recycling? Are “green” or “natural” synonyms for “sustainable”? And last but not least: how can sustainability be addressed in the laminates industry? Does durability play a role there? Let's dig into those questions and debunk some myths.  Dr. Alessandra Fusi, Sustainability specialist with Trespa and Arpa will address all of these questons in her presentation, "Facing the Sustainability Challenge: What Cards Can Our Industry Play?"
     

    The Decorative Surfaces Conference is produced by TCM North America.
    See the FULL PROGRAM HERE.

    REGISTER

    The meeting will be held at the beautiful Miami Biltmore Hotel for two days of presentations from the global leaders in design and surfacing technology. Ample time for networking, and even a little golf, make this the industry’s top event for users of decorative surfaces. Don’t miss it!

    Contact Kenn Busch – [email protected] – with questions about attending and sponsoring.

     

  • WMS 2019 reports brisk exhibit sale activity

    Mississauga – CCI Canada, the organization that runs the 2019 Woodworking Machinery & Supply Conference and Expo, reports that exhibit sales are running well ahead of last year’s event a year out from the show.  WMS, to be held October 31 to November 2, 2019,  is more than 30% ahead of the 2017 event's pace in terms of exhibitors and exhibit space.  “Our 2017 event created a lot of positive momentum and exhibit space sales have continued on a roll since then,” said Tim Fixmer, CEO of CCI Canada, Inc.  WMS 2017 featured more than 270 companies and brands.  “We’ve seen a great uptick in new exhibitors and also exhibitors returning after missing a few show cycles,” said Fixmer.
    Planning is underway for an expanded conference agenda that includes an opening morning keynote that will be free for all attendees.  “We plan to have a marquee presenter to kick the show off in a big way,” said Harry Urban, WMS show manager.
    The education portion of WMS will feature two learning tracks and keynote luncheons.   “Our education program will be devoted to best business practices and technology and design trends,” said Urban.   Also new this year will be learning on the show floor.
    According to Urban, a post event survey from WMS 2017, revealed 87% of the show’s 4,500 attendees plan to return to next year’s show.  "This is the show that brings our industry together and makes it stronger," said Trevor Chaulk, president of Chaulk Woodworking in Minden, ON. "With a vast array of topics in the seminars,supplier networking and machinery advancements it provides the tools for a great future in the wood industry," he said

    Registration for WMS 2019 will open in Spring.  Go to wmscanada.ca for updates.

    About CCI Media
    CCI Canada is owned by CCI Media, a business-to-business media company focused exclusively on industrial wood products manufacturing markets in North America. CCI Media’s flagship publication, FDMC magazine, circulates monthly in print and digital formats. CCI Media also publishes the bi-monthly Closets & Organized Storage Magazine. Woodworking Network is the umbrella brand for the combined portfolio of wood manufacturing print, digital, and web products and industry events operated by CCI Media.   
     
    In addition to WMS 2019, CCI Media produces Wood Pro Expo Charlotte and the Cabinets & Closets Conference & Expo, both of which will be co-located March 6-8, 2019 at the Charlotte Convention Center.  
    The company also produces Wood Pro Expo Lancaster 2019, to be held October 17-18, at Warehouse at the Nook, Manheim, PA and the Executive Briefing Conference, April 14-16 in San Jose, CA.
     

  • Next month's Decorative Surfaces Conference offers a glimpse of the future

    MIAMI -- Get a glimpse of the future at the Decorative Surfaces Conference 2018, 4-6 December in Miami, organized by TCM North America.

    Conference topics include:

    •    The latest on lightweight decorative surfaces: Not just for RTA anymore! The incredible realism of these materials have put architectural surfaces in play. We’ll be analyzing these opportunities.

    •    3D Laminates :  The new design leader? Flexible surfaces offer design options no other material can, and specifiers are taking notice.

    •    Digital scanning and printing of decorative surfaces come of age: Technology that scans and print not just visuals, but textures as well, is about to revolutionize the surfacing industry.

    •    Are composite-wood decorative panels the most sustainable option on the planet? New ways of defining “sustainability” put our materials solidly at the top of the green column.

    •    Formaldehyde:   Addressing “The F-word” with a dose of common sense. There’s a broader context in which we should be talking about this basic organic building block used in thousands of everyday products.

    VIEW FULL PROGRAM.

    The  meeting will be held at the beautiful Miami Biltmore Hotel for two days of presentations from the global leaders in design and surfacing technology. Ample time for networking, and even a little golf, make this the industry’s top event for users of decorative surfaces. Don’t miss it!

    REGISTER before November 9 and save $100.

    Preferred hotel rates end in 9 November, or until our reserved block of rooms is gone, so don’t delay!

    Contact Kenn Busch – [email protected] – with questions about attending and sponsoring.
     

  • Closets industry study findings to be revealed in Charlotte

    CHARLOTTE -- The results of a state of the industry study conducted by Closets & Organized Storage Magazine will be presented exclusively to attendees of the Cabinets & Closets Conference & Expo, March 6-8 at the Charlotte Convention Center.  "We're excited to conduct this study to see where the industry stands and where it's headed, " said Laurel Didier, publisher of Closets & Organized Storage. CCCE 2019 attendees will be the first to receive the results by participating in our conference on March 6." View full conference agenda.

    The main focal points of the study include:

    • The size of the industry.
    • The average sales price for a  master bedroom walk-in closet, laundry room, mudroom, multi-use room with a wall bed and built-ins and garage cabinets and storage
    • The most commonly requested accessories for a master bedroom closet and garage makeover.
    • The average sales volume for closet companies, independent vs dealers, franchisees.
    • Colors and materials are trending in closet and garage cabinets
    • How are designers compensated?
    • Designers average closing ratio.
    • What percentage of  closets companies ' products do they make vs buy?
    • What is the craziest thing a customer asked a designer to include in the design plans?
    • What keeps closet industry executives up at night?

    The Cabinets & Closets Conference & Expo is an annual event featuring a full-day conference, plant tour, and exposition, and is dedicated to home remodeling professionals specializing in building kitchen cabinets, closets, and other home storage designs. Scheduled for March 6-8, 2019 at the Charlotte Convention Center, the Cabinets & Closets Conference and Expo will co-locate with Wood Pro Expo, which is held annually in Charlotte.
    The Wood Pro Expo brand comprises a series of strategic regional events, located in key areas throughout the United States where professional woodworkers congregate. Wood Pro Expo features a full day of education and tours followed by two expo days oriented to equipment and supplies focused on the small-to-medium size shops. The educational offering includes CNC basics, employee recruitment, finishing, lean manufacturing, business management, software, and shop safety. For information on Wood Pro Expo Charlotte, visit WoodProExpoCharlotte.com.

     

  • Learn about American Woodmark's foray into RFID

    ATLANTA, GA -- According to Henry Nisiobincki, the idea that each item is unique in woodworking holds true more than in any other industry. Nisiobincki, RFID Program Manager at American Woodwork Corporation, faced this challenge as he guided the company to benefit from RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification) technology.

    "The questions we asked were, how could we identify the unique history of each unique part?  And how can we use that information to help measure quality, control process flows, and improve inventory accuracy?"

    Nisiobincki said that by using integrated RFID technology to create a unique identity for each piece, American Woodmark Corporation has seen continuous benefit and value.  He will show how a simple low-cost addition to each piece can be the solution for endless cost-savings, as well as the platform for future innovation.  He will discuss American Woodmark's RFID integration  in his presentation at IWF on August 21, titled,  A Unique Technology, in a Unique Part, for a Unique Industry. His session is part of the all-day Woodworking Network Leadership Forum.  The Leadership Forum is sponsored by J B Cutting.

    At American Woodmark Corporation, Nisiobincki manages the RFID Program from a corporate level. He works closely with  the organization's manufacturing plants to understand processes, identify key issues, and develop unique and innovative RFID technology solutions to relieve those issues. His career at American Woodmark started in IT Development and IT Project Management before transitioning into RFID. He said  is excited to share the unique and extensive application of RFID at IWF.


    The targeted audience for this session includes: C-Level management, rising stars and innovators from across the wood products industry including CEO’s, owners, team managers and entrepreneurs and investors.  Registration for the Woodworking Network Leadership Forum is $395 until August 1 and $450 thereafter.  Lunch and admission to the Leadership Reception following the symposia are included.

     

  • Bespoke founder, Keith Morgan, kicks off Leadership Forum at IWF

    ATLANTA, GA -- Keith Morgan knows a thing or two about design.   He also has a knack for employing, training and retaining a talented staff.   His company, Bespoke, caters to an elite international clientele base, emphasizing elegant custom design and spectacular craftsmanship. Not only has Bespoke won multiple Craftsman’s Challenge awards, but also Morgan has earned a reputation for his marketing prowess in the highly competitive world of catering to luxury consumers.   Morgan will be the keynote presenter to kick off the Woodworking Network Leadership Forum on August 21 (the day before IWF opens) at the Georgia World Congress Center. 

    In his keynote titled, Leadership by design, Morgan will discuss the importance of professional design in all aspects of your business including design, manufacturing, and marketing.   According to Morgan, it is essential to integrate a solid design professional or professionals within your front office operations. The organization must have individuals who have experience in the interior design industry but also be able to take on and understand construction techniques at the shop floor level.

    Bespoke has one multiple Craftsman's Challenge Awards.

    His presentation at the 2018 Cabinets & Closets Conference & Expo in Pasadena, Selling directly to the luxury consumer, received outstanding feedback from the audience.  Morgan stresses that it is critical to employ professionals that understand market-viable design and long-term design trend history.   Morgan will also discuss the importance of hiring talented craftspeople and what Bespoke does to retain them indefinitely. 

    He will also address how Bespoke has successfully linked itself to other luxury brands and how you can link your product with other luxury brands to “ride on the coattails of their recognized luxury brand status."
     
    Woodworking Network Leadership Forum at a glance
    Target Audience: C-Level management, rising stars and innovators from across the wood products industry including CEO’s, owners, team managers and entrepreneurs and investors
    Sponsor:  JB Cutting, Inc.
     
     
    9:00 AM  – 10:00 AM - Keynote -- Leadership by Design (presented by Keith Morgan)
     
    10:00 AM - 11:00 AM - Building Bigger, Taller and Stronger with Wood: How Mass Timber is Rolling out in the U.S.
    Products such as cross laminated timber, popular in Europe for more than 20 years, are now making their way into North America in a serious way, with manufacturers in Oregon, Washington, Montana and Alabama coming onstream and innovative new timber buildings appearing in many of our cities. In this presentation, Iain Macdonald, Associate Director of the TallWood Design Institute, will describe mass timber and how it is changing the way America builds. He will cover manufacturing, technical barriers and how they are being overcome, expectations for market growth, and what it means for providers of non-structural wood products.
     
    11:00 AM - Noon - A Unique Technology, in a Unique Part, for a Unique Industry
    Each item is unique, and in woodworking, this is even truer than any other industry. But how could we identify the unique history of each unique part? And how can we use that information to help measure quality, control process flows, and improve inventory accuracy? Using integrated RFID technology to create a unique identity for each piece, American Woodmark Corporation has seen continuous benefit and value.  Henry Nisiobincki will show how a simple low-cost addition to each piece can be the solution for endless cost-savings, as well as the platform for future innovation.
     
    Noon - 1:00 PM - Networking Lunch
     
    1:00 PM - 2:00 PM - Nanotechnology: Small to the World, Big to the Industry
    There's an unprecedented multidisciplinary convergence of scientists dedicated to the study of a world so small, we can't see it - even with a light microscope. Mike Hetherman, president, owner and CEO of Willis - a North American distributor of globally branded building materials and a prominent voice in the design community, will address the field of nanotechnology, the realm of atoms and nanostructures. Nanotechnology is so new, no one is really sure what will come of it. What we do know is that nanotechnology is making its way into the world of building materials. Join us for an intriguing session which will outline the basics of nanotechnology and how it’s being used to revolutionize our industry.
     
    2:00 PM - 3:00 PM - The Business Case for Diversity
    Diversity is quite possibly the best source of innovation and creativity in our industry, according to Whitney Pyle who is also a Woodworking Network Class of 2017 40 under 40 winner. Whitney will discuss her career path through the industry as a female. "The construction and woodworking industries as a whole lack diversity," said Pyle.She said many times when she attended industry events people would presume she was just somebody's spouse. "Together, we will unpack the reasons why, we’ll discuss why it’s important to change it, what we can do to change it," said Pyle. "We’ll also discuss what steps to take to ensure all people become integrated and engaged in our organizations and our industry."
     
    3:00 PM - 4:00 PM - Understand the New Consumer
    This presentation lead by Mike Hetherman, will unearth two very distinct types of consumers – the NEO and the Traditional – and how they are powering our economy.  Discover why targeting one versus the other will drastically change your sales, marketing and pricing strategies forever. You’ll learn who spends the most, most frequently, and find out more about their values, attitudes and, ultimately, buying behavior and communication preference.  Most importantly, you’ll learn how to quickly connect with your customer, close jobs faster, work less and maximize your profits.
     
    4:00 PM - 5:00 PM - 40 under 40 leadership panel:
    Woodworking Network’s 40 under 40 award recognizes those individuals that have made a difference in their careers, their companies, their communities and to the industry.  Benchmarks include productivity, profitability, social good, innovation, peer inspiration, product development and organizational leadership. 
     
    This illustrious panel, made up of members of the Class of 2018 and alumni, will address their leadership journey and offer insights into the future of the industry.
     
    The Leadership Forum is followed at 5:30 PM by a Leadership reception to recognize the 40 under 40 Class of 2018. 
     
    All registrants for the Leadership Forum are invited to attend. Registration to attend IWF is included in the cost of admission.  Click HERE to register for the Leadership Forum
     

     

  • Contrat historique pour Conception R.P.

    Conception R.P. commence la conception puis la fabrication d’un projet d’envergure aux États-Unis pour un fabriquant de bois lamellé-croisé ou sous l’acronyme CLT (Cross Laminated Timber). Le projet se réalisera sur une période d’un peu plus d’un an et créera près de 10 à 15 emplois à temps plein dans la ville de Québec.
     
    « Nous sommes fiers de travailler avec un tel joueur dans l’industrie. L’aboutage de bois leur permettra d’utiliser des planches de bois plus courtes pour leur besoin et ainsi leur donner une plus grande flexibilité sur le plan des achats et de la production » Louis-André Levesque, Responsable du développement des affaires chez Conception R.P.
     
    L’usine comprendra un système de dépilage des bois, un système de vision pour analyser les défauts, des scies automatiques à haute vitesse pour couper les défauts, le système d’aboutage à haute vitesse CRP-3000, un grand convoyeur de séchage des bois, des ébouteuses de précisions, un empileur de paquets automatique puis un système de sanglage des paquets.
     

Workbench (woodworking)

A workbench is a table used by woodworkers to hold workpieces while they are worked by other tools. There are many styles of woodworking benches, each reflecting the type of work to be done or the craftsman's way of working. Most benches have two features in common: they are heavy and rigid enough to keep still while the wood is being worked, and there is some method for holding the work in place at a comfortable position and height so that the worker is free to use both hands on the tools. The main thing that distinguishes benches is the way in which the work is held in place. Most benches have more than one way to do this, depending on the operation being performed.

Probably the oldest and most basic method of holding the work is a planing stop or dog ear, which is simply a peg or small piece of wood or metal that stands just above the surface at the end of the bench top. The work is placed on the bench with the end pushed against the stop. The force of the planing keeps the board in place, so long as the force is always toward the stop. Planing against a stop gives the woodworker good feedback - they can tell a lot about what is going on just by the pressure, force and balance required. A stop can take the form of a batten attached to the end of the bench, or it can be adjustable, able to be moved up and down according to the size of the work - or pushed down below the surface when not needed. A simple bench dog can serve as a planing stop.

Another ancient method of holding the work is the hold fast or holdfast. A holdfast looks like a shepherd's crook. The shank goes into a hole in the bench top and the tip of the hook is pressed against the work from above. The holdfast is set by rapping the top with a mallet, and released by hitting the back side. A good holdfast works remarkably well, and is inexpensive and easy to install.

Video: Woodworking Projects